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Why And How Should One Implement AI

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition and machine vision.

Why is Artificial Intelligence Important?

AI technology is important because it enables human capabilities – understanding, reasoning, planning, communication and perception – to be undertaken by software increasingly effectively, efficiently and at low cost.

General analytical tasks, including finding patterns in data, that have been performed by software for many years can also be performed more effectively using AI.

The automation of these abilities creates new opportunities in most business sectors and consumer applications.

How should one implement AI in bigger organisations?

That´s the million-dollar question, literally!

I think that AI has to be treated like any other technique. This may sound either strange or maybe obvious, but the problem is that many organisations treats AI either as something extremely hard or something easy, which is seldom the case with “other” techniques. If you treat AI as something to hard for your organisation you will of course fall behind your market´s competitors. However, if you treat it like something that something that “your best guy” can read up on and start implementing, and I do not even banter, you will end up with a mess.

You wouldn’t hire a fresh from school developer, not even a brilliant one, to be your lead data architect. Why does so many companies then hire junior machine learning developers to be their lead data scientist?

The correct way, in my opinion, is to first educate yourself so that as many as possible in the organisation speaks AI. After that, take help from someone that has done this for at least 5-10 years, because that is what you have done if it was any other development that needed to be done.

Can anyone start an AI journey?

Of course!

AI is like the slogan for the game Othello, “A minute to learn a lifetime to master!”. AI is also really important for anyone to learn. Of course, you don’t need to be a data scientist or even learn how to program. But it will become more and more important to understand what AI is. Not knowing about AI will soon be like not knowing about the internet or smartphones.

Lastly, what is the next big thing with AI?

Technical wise I think that the next big thing is to make it possible for AI´s to learn from smaller training data. I believe that this will require even bigger amount of open data and really heavy computational power than we have today to create, since the AI would need to create some associations with earlier knowledge to understand the small data, this is how Humans thinks. This will not take us to what is known as General AI, but it will be a step on the way.

Practical wise I think that the largest impact on our life will be implementing technique that we already have. When AI become available for the general public it has often been around for some years. The largest changes here will probably happen within the transportation and industry sectors.

AFRY and AI Center have joined forces with a strong wish to make it easier develop and implement AI applications across industries. This has, among other things, resulted in a new program where participants learn how to benefit from AI.

As an AI Developer and Data Scientist, Fredrik Hofflander is Head of AFRY’s Future Technologies Team and has a strong focus on helping companies getting to the next level of their work within AI. He is also chairman of AI Center’s technical board, and regularly hosts seminars about how to interpret AI in larger organisations.

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