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Technical, Functional and Operations Training 


Technical, Functional and Operations Training are vital to any industries. Every company has its own different needs, whether it is a general knowledge, a certification training or an advanced program on a specific skill. These will benefit your company and your team towards business success, safety and best practices. CTS offers a wide range of courses that can be customized to fit your requirement. The special competence of our expert partners and our ability to put together from its extensive portfolio of training offerings customized training packages that reflect the latest methods and principles of teaching for every client.

Well Log Interpretation and Analysis


In the E&P business, integrated petroleum engineering studies and field development plans are management tools which are used to maximize economic recovery of hydrocarbons. Petrophysical engineers fulfill a key role

in analyzing and interpreting subsurface reservoir data, which form the basis for reservoir models. E&P technical staff and team leaders involved in integrated studies require more than general skills in petrophysical and interpretation techniques to produce quality input to development plans.


The trainer will provide understanding of practical and new techniques and tools in well logging with the support of case studies. At the end of the course, participants will be able to quantitatively identify the reservoir quality, measure the storage capacity of the reservoir through integrating the reservoir and petrophysical data

and to improve oil recovery.

Integration of Petrophysics and Core Analysis


During this course concepts of core preparation, core measurement, core analysis types and procedures will be explained. The petrophysical rock properties such as porosity, permeability, saturation and porosity-permeability

relations will be studied. The relationships between these parameters under in situ conditions will be discussed. The measurements and physics of well logging tools to methods for interpretation of these parameters will be applied. The understanding of well logging environments will be addressed.


The trainer will provide the relationship between core analysis data and logging measurements for depth matching, understanding abnormal log readings and to obtain different petrophysical parameters.


At the end of the course, the participants will be able to know core-log relations importance in solving or explaining many problems of logging measurement and rock properties. It is also important to define depositional and textural information, reservoir connate water, permeability and lithology.

NMR Application in Petrophysical Properties Characterization


Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a very useful tool to determine rock properties. The NMR response of the hydrogen contained within rocks can be related in a direct or indirect way to porosity, pore size distribution, rock permeability, capillary pressure, wettability and water saturation. Depending on the tool and the mode of operation, the type of fluid in the formation can be indicated, whether it is gas, oil or water. All these can be achieved with an understanding of the fundamentals and proper calibration of log data to laboratory NMR measurements on core samples.


This 4-day course covers the practical aspects of NMR as a valuable reservoir characterization tool such as determinations of T1 and T2 distributions; porosity and permeability; T2 cutoff for bound and free fluids; pore size distribution; fluid types and properties.


Petrophysics in Unconventional Reservoir


While conventional natural gas streams from the earth relatively easily, unconventional gas finds are more difficult to develop and more costly to produce. As technologies and skills improve, unconventional gas is a variable concept because some finds may become more easily or economically produced over time, no longer making them unconventional. Right now, there are six main types of unconventional gas, including deep gas, gas-containing shales, coalbed methane, geopressurized zones, Arctic and subsea hydrates, and tight gas.


Petrophysics is central to the integration of a wide spectrum of related geoscience and engineering disciplines. The course will cover the petrophysical approaches to the evaluation of Shale Oil, Tight Gas Sands, and Shale Gas reservoirs using wireline logging & log analysis, coring & core analysis, petrophysics, geophysics, geochemistry, rock mechanics, and reserve estimation. Attendees will learn basic interpretation procedures to determine porosity, hydrocarbon saturation, TOC, volumes of in-place hydrocarbons, recoverable hydrocarbon estimates.

Special Core Analysis and Data Processing

This course covers special core analysis, data analysis, and data quality assessment. It provides instructions on core preservation and wettability restoration for relative permeability measurements and calculations; determination of Archie’s parameters; and quality assessment of experimental data, sample selection methods for special core analysis; experimental procedures; differences between steady state and unsteady state relative permeability; and how the data are analysed. Participants will also learn the effect of clays on electrical parameters. 

Electrical Submersible Pump


This course is designed to introduce an overview of various ESP lift solutions and related production optimization concepts. After introducing the requirement for an artificial lift system, training will focus on the Electrical Submersible Pumping (ESP). The course covers the main components, application envelope, relative strengths and weaknesses.  The course will close with a discussion session wherein trainees would discuss their challenges and plans for lift systems with a view to understand applicability of the concepts learned during the training.

Petrophysics Operations QC


No amount of fancy post-processing can really overcome problems caused by data, which is bad from the start. Calibration and other wireline and/or MWD product quality problems discovered at the wellsite can usually be rectified.


Once a well has been cased, however, the best a wireline or MWD vendor can offer is discounted charges and/or credit against future work. We will work with the wellsite staff and the wireline and/or MWD vendors to ensure that the log data obtained is the highest quality possible.


The trainer will help participants understand logging measurements, logging operations, tool calibration and environmental corrections. The course will focus on log quality control on tool measurements and handling, data loading on IP software and practice application for curve editing. At the end of the course, the participant will have extensive knowledge of well logging and quality data logs.

Hydraulic Fracturing

This course is designed to provide better understanding, enhance knowledge and strengthen the decision making capability of the participants about hydraulic fracturing implemented to recover or enhance well performance.


It is important for proper decision making to have basic understanding of the types of formations and basic reservoir properties. For this reason, efforts will be exerted at the early phase of the course to understand the geological and reservoir properties for vertical, horizontal and multilateral wells prior to developing the basic concepts of formation damage, acidizing and hydraulic fracturing. Moreover, the course includes fracturing quality control, conducting treatments, monitoring pressures and other critical parameters, during and after the treatments. A vital part of the course is class teamwork whereby attendee’s   teams evaluate and design stimulation treatments to bring out important information and parameters discussed during the course.

Formation Evaluation: Basic & Applied

Study of those methods used to evaluate the engineering properties of oil and gas bearing reservoir formations. We will learn the fundamentals and practical skills for interpretation of GR log, SP log, resistivity logs, density porosity log, neutron porosity log, sonic logs, NMR, geomechanical properties, core analysis, special core analysis, and formation tests. Examples and case studies will further enhance participants’ knowledge and skills acquired in this course.


At the end of the course, one should be able to: 


1. understand the basic physical principles of open-hole logging measurements; 

2. interpret common logging measurements for lithology, net pay, porosity, and water saturations and their associated limitations; 

3. familiar with other formation tests such as core analysis, and formation test; 

4. learn how to evaluate unconventional oil and gas formation, such as tight sand and shale; 

5. evaluate oil/gas reserves and recommendations for well completions; 

6. gain the ability and confidence to apply mathematics, physics, geology, rock mechanics, and reservoir engineering in solving real-world petrophysics problems 


Gas Lift Technology


This course is designed to introduce an overview of various Gas lift solutions and related production optimization concepts. After introducing the need for an artificial lift system, training will focus on Gas lift. Where the course covers main components, application envelope, relative strengths and weaknesses.  The course will close with a discussion session wherein trainees would discuss their challenges and plans for lift systems with a view to understand applicability of the concepts learned during the training.



Deepwater Drilling And Production Technology


This 3-day course describes the deepwater technology that has been developed and implemented in the last few years. It is illustrated with extensive graphics plus over 100 animated and photographic videos of the latest equipment and the most recent actual DW field developments. Each of the DW system components is discussed in terms of its engineering challenges. Introducing each technology area is a brief description of the conventional water depth technology from which the new, DW concepts have evolved. The bases for selection of particular field configurations are discussed.

Artificial Lift Technology


This course is designed to introduce an overview of various artificial lift solutions and related production optimization concepts. After introducing the need for an artificial lift system, training will focus on each of the following lift methods: Gas lift, Reciprocating Rod Lift, Progressive Cavity Pumping (PCP), Hydraulic Pumping (HP), Electrical Submersible Pumping (ESP), Plunger and Capillary System. For each lift type, the course covers main components, application envelope, relative strengths and weaknesses.  The course will close with a discussion session wherein trainees would discuss their challenges and plans for lift systems with a view to understand applicability of the concepts learned during the training.

Floating and Subsea Oil & Gas Technologies & Installations


This course concisely reviews the key components of floating production systems and their associated subsea facilities. The material draws from a wide range of fields around the world operating such systems. Floating production systems have applications in both deep and shallow water, large and small oil and gas fields and benefit from both flexibility and manoeuvrability. The floating production, storage and offloading systems (FPSOs) have evolved over recent decades and, when integrated with subsea infrastructure, now offer diverse development options in a wide range of offshore environments. Field developers continue to place more process infrastructure on the sea bed to optimise field production and resource recovery. The pros and cons of various floating and subsea systems are compared with the aid of case studies and videos.

Practical Interpretation of Production Logs


This course gives a PRACTICAL understanding of how to interpret production logs.  The course is generic with no specific software is used.  Equations are solved by hand with a calculator.  Many aspects of production logging are addressed, including the plan to acquire the log, pros and cons of tools by various manufacturers, limitations of production logs, production logs in vertical, deviated, and horizontal wells, and practical advice and numerous comments.  The emphasis of the course is to provide a well-rounded understanding of practical interpretation of production logs and all aspects associated with that.

Essentials of Refining


A 3 day introduction course to oil refining  in which the manufacturing process is explained from crude oil to the production of  LPG, gasoline, kerosene , gas oil/diesel and fuel oil. The participants will learn how a refinery is configured, how a refinery is operated and maintained to make a profit and HSE aspects are involved. The course contains video’s to illustrate various refinery processes, exercises and a refinery simulation game to learn how to optimize the  refinery profit.



The course will provide participants with both the theoretical and practical knowledge to:


  • Explain the process principles, type of reactions, process kinetics, configurations and catalyst performance of the Hydrocracker

  • Advise on process parameters and their impact on yield, product properties and catalyst life

  • Monitor process performance and adjust process parameters for optimal operation

  • Explain the importance of design safeguarding features, emergency shutdown and depressuring systems

  • Advise on catalyst handling such as pre/post treatment and regeneration

  • Advise on operational procedures, start-up/shutdown and non-routine operations

  • Recall hydrocracker hardware specifics such as reactor layout, reactor internals, specifics of vessels, heat exchangers, furnace, rotating equipment and metallurgy constraints

  • Troubleshooting


Corrosion Management for Upstream Oil & Gas

This course is developed due to the increase need to manage the corrosion on the most important asset in the oil and gas industry: the wells. Wells are considered the jewels of the oil/gas production systems; this course also covers the upstream equipment immediately after the wells: Flow line (multiphase flows), Separators (2-phase, 3-phase, electrostatic, fundamentals of design and corrosion), Tanks (wash, storage), Compressing Stations, Vapor Recovery Units, Water pipelines, oil pipelines and gas pipelines.


The understanding on internal corrosion; its process, mitigation and management is also an ever increasing concern due the myriad of variables that surround such phenomena, lack of clear understanding and experience of many industry personnel.


It is the overall objective of this course not only to provide the participants with all the concepts and theory behind the corrosion processes but also to provide field experience. The field experience is provided by our instructors with solid knowledge, ample experience and willingness to share this knowhow with the participants; taking them in a journey throughout the oil and gas upstream installations and the management of corrosion.

Maintenance and Inspection


The course is designed for graduates in mechanical, electrical, civil or instrument engineering from universities or technical colleges and maintenance/inspection personnel and planning engineers (graduates and non-graduates) working in refineries.


Course Objectives:


  • Optimizing the maintenance effort.

  • Explain plant equipment and their maintenance problems.

  • Describe maintenance techniques.

  • Explain plant reliability and its enhancement.

  • Describe organizational structures and their impact on efficiency.

  • Explain Shut-down management.

  • Describe procedures and procedural issues.

  • List the  commercial and economic aspects of maintenance.

  • Describe the concept of RRM (Risk and Reliability Management) and its impact on plant availability and reliability.

  • Recognize the link between health, safety, environmental aspects and equipment maintenance.

  • Explain the major corrosion mechanisms and recognize the process/operating environment where these occur.

Gas Treating and Sulphur Recovery


The course will provide participants with both the theoretical and practical knowledge to explain the process operating conditions linked to feed type and quality and the required level of sulphur removal; advise on aborbent; advise on start-up and rejuvenation procedures; describe the reactor internals; explain and advise on process control; safety; examine process conditions in normal operation and special operation to corrosion and materials selection; monitor / evaluate and troubleshoot SRU/SCOT operation; optimise the processes to achieve maximum sulphur recovery.

Safety Process Design


The course will provide participants with both the theoretical and practical knowledge to explain the key elements of Safety; identify minimum and maximum temperature and pressure combinations in order to:understand equipment design, identify abnormal operational cases, design safeguarding facilities (e.g. relief cases, calculations and devices); explain the operability and safety aspects of detailed arrangements around equipment; explain the use of Instrumented Protective Functions, identify potentially unsafe situations in real plants and apply safeguarding techniques to a process unit; explain the influence of process conditions and corrosion on construction materials; explain the principles of area classification and plant lay-out; explain several hazardous phenomena (e.g. fire, releases, explosions and dispersion) which could occur; recognize and use design features to minimize the occurrence and possible escalation of these phenomena; explain and use the techniques/procedures (e.g. Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA), Hazard and Operability Review (HAZOP), Model check, Safety Reviews) which result in a safe and operable plant design.

Advance Oilfield Geomechanics


The course takes an in-depth engineering approach to the application of geomechanics that is practical and useful.  Geomechanical engineering is taught for unconventional and conventional reservoirs. Geomechanical modeling is introduced as a tool for pre-job design and post-job evaluation. The course integrates the discipline of geomechanics to petrophysical engineering. As well, the student is introduced to advanced sub-surface modeling techniques. In addition to the technical course work, the course includes hands-on exercises and case histories. The goal of the course is to take home a fresh approach to geomechanics whether this is a new field to you or one which you are very familiar with.

Operational PFFG Prediction

for Well Engineering  & Operations


As wells become increasingly complicated, the reliance on pore pressure prediction prior to and during drilling grows.  As Drilling Engineers and Superintendents, our core discipline skill set does not include PPFG prediction, yet we are inherently reliant on it for our success.  The objective of the training is provide an overview of the main PPFG prediction tools in use and their limitations.  In turn, this allows the Drilling Engineers and Superintendents to be able to ask the right questions and build and build that uncertainty into their planning and operational activities. 


This training is primarily skewed towards those anticipating narrow margin drilling conditions.  A Well Engineer has prepared it for Well Engineers and Drilling Superintendents.  It is designed to help interface with the experts to better appreciate the limitations of their work which allows us to better understand risk and therefore manage it with the right tools.  

HPHT Well Engineering & Operations


Many recognize that HPHT is complex and high-risk activity where both engineering and operations present unique challenges but are unsure of how best to address them.  The objective of this training course is to delve into specific HPHT issues, explain why they are issues and present a range of solutions, approaches and risk defense strategies that can help in delivering a successful HPHT well campaign.  Candidates will complete the training with a robust appreciation of what lays ahead as well as have an armory of useful tools and insights for how to solve various problems.

Well Stimulation: Theory & Application


Often times, the mature oil and gas wells will underperform due to different damage mechanisms and/or low permeability, and the unconventional oil and gas wells could not produce at economical rates unless stimulated successfully. The key is to understand and identify the damage mechanism and sources of low productivity in both conventional and unconventional reservoirs, and then to design economical and successful stimulation treatments. In this course, participants will first learn the fundamental science related to geosciences, rock mechanics, and fluid mechanics, then gain know-how knowledge on the principles of well stimulations followed by practical skills related to design and evaluation of stimulation treatments. At the end of this course, participants will gain the ability and confidence in solving real-world problems by integrating physics, geology, rock mechanics, formation evaluation, production and reservoir engineering. Examples, case studies, and leading software demonstration/practices will further enhance participants’ knowledge and skills acquired in this course. 

Blow Out Contingency Planning

In recent times, the topic of and need for Blowout Contingency Planning (BOCP) has gained appreciable momentum.  Yet, many do not understand what a BOCP is and how much time or effort should be assigned to prepare one.  Similarly, it is very easy to spend a significant amount of time and money in having one prepared which may or may not suitably address what is needed.  Additionally, an unintended consequence of outsourcing such an activity is the Drilling Engineer is left unaware of key issues that they can be easily addressed prior to spud. 


The objective of this awareness training is to promote an understanding of what is involved in blowout response and from there develop an appreciation of the key considerations and engineering workflows that should be taken into account prior to spud and those which can be considered later.  The training is also designed to allow participants to gain a better appreciation of what engineering tools are used and what information is important for their use in application. 


Overall, this training is about achieving pragmatic results that are suitable for the risk profile.  In doing so, participants are able to take a balanced view towards what is needed for their particular operation.  


For more details of above programs or other Technical, Funcitonal and Operational in Oil & Gas training you would like to request, please feel free to contact us or email at

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